Eczema

Keep eczema skin well hydrated with creams and high oil ointments.

Eczema Treatment
Keep eczema skin well hydrated with creams and ointments with high oil.
Avoid over-bathing.
Benadryl also helps with itching.
Use a moisturizing soap.
Use a heavy cream or moisturizer to protect skin.
  1. Eliminate allergens. Eczema may be caused by an allergy. Common culprits are products that your skin is in contact with, such as creams, perfumes, laundry detergent, and so on.
  2. Check your diet. Food allergies can also trigger eczema, especially in children. Common culprits are milk, wheat, citrus fruits, eggs, peanuts and fish.
  3. Wear cotton and other natural fiber clothing. This allows your skin to breathe better.
  4. Use bland moisturizers without dyes and perfumes. Make sure to use a moisturizer every time you bathe. Choose a greasy formula to moisturize skin if eczema is severe and skin is extremely dry. 

    Examples are petroleum jelly or vegetable shortening. These are recommended as they band-aid the area and retain the moisture. Covering these small areas with plastic wrap keeps the mess at bay.
  5. Set up a humidifier if the air in your house is very dry. Avoid sunbathing. This can aggravate your skin. Heat can also cause your condition to worsen.
  6. Scrutinize your bath products. Bath oils are generally fine and lubricating, but bubble baths can be drying and irritating.
  7. De stress. Find and use methods to help yourself relax. Stress can cause eczema flare-ups.
  8. Use the herbs dandelion, myrrh, pau d’arco and red clover. Use as a tea or take in capsule form. They are useful for healthy skin. Use all of them alternately for best results.
  9. Make a paste from the herb goldenseal and vitamin E oil. Use goldenseal in a powdered form, and mix with a little bit of vitamin E oil; add a small amount of honey and make a paste. Apply to inflamed area.
  10. Take vitamin A, 10,000 to 25,000 IU per day. It helps to soften the skin. Take it in the emulsion form, which is easier to absorb and safer at high doses.
  11. Use a high-potency B-complex formula, 50 to 100 mg per day. It is needed for healthy skin and good blood circulation.  Some skin problems are linked to a deficiency of vitamin B-6.
  12. Take vitamin E, 400 IU. It helps relieve itching and dry skin.
  13. Try evening primrose, black currant, flaxseed or salmon oil. Use according to bottle directions. They all contain essential fatty acids, which help to lubricate the skin.

Milia

Milia (plural of Milium) are tiny white or pale yellow cysts which contain a protein substance produced by the skin called keratin.

Milia Treatment

Primary Milia

Primary Milia is usually found in newborns on the face, but can also occur in adults. The cysts will usually disappear on their own within a few weeks and no intervention is required.

Secondary Milia

Secondary Milia forms when the ducts leading to the skin’s surface are clogged and can affect both the face and the body. This can be after an injury to the skin, after skin resurfacing treatments, after blistering of the skin or after excessive sun damage.

Secondary Milia are much more problematic and professional treatment is advised as the cysts can be very difficult to remove and they can lead to scarring if not treated correctly.

By no means should you try to get rid of Milia at home as Milia removal requires the expertise of an esthetician or skin physician.

There is no cure for Milia, but they can be prevented with a few small changes to your skin care regime and can be removed by a trained healthcare professional if necessary.

Symptoms of Milia

Milia appear as tiny seed-like white bumps under the skin. They are most commonly found on the face (around the eyes and on the eyelids, cheeks and nose), but may also appear on the body.

Milia are often mistaken for pimples or acne as they look just like whiteheads, but they are actually cysts and unlike whiteheads, they do not contain bacteria or pus.

Milia cysts are relatively harmless, but have a negative psychological effect due to their unsightly appearance and sufferers are often keen to find a way of getting rid of them to lift their self-esteem.

What Causes Milia?

When working correctly, your skin rejuvenates every day by shedding dead skin cells and replacing them with new ones. In essence, your skin naturally exfoliates itself. However, if your skin has trouble shedding these dead skin cells, they build up and get stuck under the skin causing the tiny white spots which are visible in Milia sufferers.

One of the top causes of Milia is thought to be the use of products and make-up which are heavy in oil or are comedogenic (pore-clogging). These are believed to contribute to Milia as they increase the likelihood of the dead skin cells becoming stuck.

The exact causes of Milia are unknown, but rest assured that they are not infectious or caused by bad hygiene.

The most common causes of milia are:

  • Clogged or trapped skin cells at the surface of the skin
  • Overusing oil-based cosmetics, oily moisturizers and sunscreens
  • Over exposure to the sun
  • Lack of vitamin A
  • A diet rich in protein
  1. Dead skin cells are shed during your body’s natural exfoliation cycle.
  2. Some cells get left behind and clog the pore the sebaceous gland continues to produce fluids, but it cannot be expelled. This creates a build up behind the blockage.
  3. As the cyst forms, fills and swells, it has a very similar appearance to a regular whitehead. New skin grows over the cyst, holding it beneath the skin.
  4. Eventually, the sebaceous gland will stop producing fluid. Milia can disappear on their own when the skin trapping the cyst is shed. The milium would simply fall out.

Treatment: How to get rid of Milia

The best treatment for Milia depends on the seriousness of the skin condition. Sometimes the cysts can gradually disappear themselves if left alone.

It may be possible to get rid of Milia or encourage Milia removal with some gentle exfoliation. And when we say gentle, we mean gentle! Especially with Milia around the eyes, it is important not to scrub vigorously at your skin as this may actually worsen the problem. Gentle exfoliation will remove the dead skin cells and may allow the cyst to naturally fall out. Opt for exfoliation scrubs containing salicylic acid as this will help unclog oily pores and treat the problem.

To enhance the effectiveness of the gentle exfoliation, you should apply a hot compress to the face before exfoliating to open up your pores. Place a hot (but not burning) wet cloth over your skin for a few minutes. Then apply a gentle exfoliator using light, circular movements. Repeating this 2 or 3 times a week may disturb the top layer of skin and allow the cysts to fall out.

If gentle exfoliation isn’t successful at getting rid of Milia, you can contact your GP, esthetician or dermatologist to discuss the alternative treatment of Milia extraction.

The removal process involves the doctor piercing a small hole in the Milium with a sterile blade and gently extracting the build-up inside which has caused the cyst. The risk of scarring and/or infection from DIY Milia removal is extremely high, therefore it is essential that this is done by a trained professional and our advice is definitely ‘do not try this at home’!

Other treatment methods for getting rid of Milia include acid peels and microdermabrasion, however it is advised to try other methods prior to this.

Treatment will be seriously hindered if you succumb to the urge of picking at the Milia. This will prolong the problem, cause further damage and may also cause permanent scarring and infection. There is no quick-fix cure for Milia therefore patience and an individually tailored skin care regime is required to effectively deal with the problem.

How can I prevent Milia

Once you have undergone successful Milia treatment and have the cysts under control, there are a few things you can do to stop them from recurring.

  • Regular exfoliation is the most effective way to prevent Milia. Use a gentle exfoliator to exfoliate away the dead skin cells and prevent them from accumulating and getting trapped under your skin.
  • Avoid thick, oily products because these pore-clogging, oily products can make it easier for dead skin cells to get stuck and prevent them from being properly sloughed off.
  • Keep make-up light, because similiar to oily products, heavy make-up can make dead skin cells become trapped, so it is best to avoid thick layers of make-up and instead keep it light by using mineral makeup.  At the end of the each day, it is essential to remove make-up thoroughly. Around the eyes, use a make-up remover followed by your recommended cleanser for the rest of the face.
  • Nourish the eyelids and use an eye cream every day and every night to keep this sensitive area nourished and healthy.

Whiteheads

Whiteheads are a build-up of oils, serum and dead skin that plugs up your pores. Just like the blackheads, the whiteheads can be seen in both teenagers and adults.

Whiteheads Treatment

Whiteheads can be shortly defined as: tiny, pearly, white raised spots formed in the skin where skin cells clog and close a hair follicle (the reason why they are also called closed comedones). Many people mistake whiteheads for pimples as they look alike but there is a difference because whiteheads should be removed very carefully.
The exact cause of whiteheads isn’t still known for sure but dermatologists suggest that the whiteheads are caused by the accumulation of hardened sebum (oil) in the pores of the skin. If the skin pore closes up then the bacteria will remain under the skin – it will begin to grow and after a few days a whitehead will be formed.
Whiteheads usually occur on different parts of the face, most commonly around the eyes and on the cheeks. People also get whiteheads on the chest, neck and forehead. Whiteheads are often accompanied with blackheads, pimples and acne.

Tips on how to get rid of whiteheads.

You should never try to remove whiteheads alone at home. You should know that whiteheads are different from pimples or blackheads. If you try to squeeze the whitehead you may easily break the skin which could result in permanent, reddish scars.

The best way to prevent the formation of whiteheads is to follow a strict skin care regimen, as follows:

  1. Clean your face at least twice a day with skincare products that are appropriate for your skin type. Use a facial cleanser and products that contain salicylic acid, benzyl peroxide, retinals, or alpha hydroxy acids as there ingredients help in unclogging the pores.
  2. Exfoliate your skin regularly – twice or three times a week. Apply the exfoliating products all over your face, using light, circular motions concentration on the problem areas of the face forehead, nose and cheeks. Try to find a gentle exfoliator with small particles it will encourage newer, smoother and healthier skin cells to grow, and helping to unclog the pores.  Mix a small amount of Baking Soda with your cleanser for an inexpensive exfoliation treatment.
  3.  Even if your skin is oily or combination you should never forget to apply a moisturizer or a hydration product.
  4. Once a week steam your face for a few minutes to do a deep pore cleansing. Steaming is very important to loosen debris that may be embedded into the skin. When steaming the face you soften the clogged pores and skin in order to cleanse more easily the impurities, the traces of makeup, the dust, the sebaceous secretions as well as the dead skin cells.
  5. Regular facial and chemical peels can help prevent and clear up whiteheads see an esthetician for a consultation.

The best way to prevent whiteheads is to keep your skin clean and well moisturized all the time. If you have just a small number ofwhiteheads don’t do anything – sometimes whiteheads go away by themselves in a few days.

You should never try to squeeze the whitehead alone; you are advised to see an esthetician for a consultation or see a dermatologist.  They are trained to remove whiteheads and the other forms of acne using special methods and tools to extract the whiteheads without a risk of skin infections and scarring.

Useful Tips:

  • Never squeeze or pick at a pimple as doing so may spread the inflammation and leave permanent scarring. Remember: whiteheads should be extracted by an experienced esthetician or dermatologist.
  • It’s essential to keep your skin clean all the time in order to prevent the formation of whiteheads
  • To prevent whiteheads from forming, you should use a mild facial cleanser that is oil-free and wash your face at least twice a day.
  • Always apply a toner after cleansing your face in the morning and in the evening to close the pores.
  • Always apply a moisturizer after washing your face.
  • Do a cleansing face mask once or twice a week.
  • Don’t forget to exfoliate your skin once or twice a week with a mild exfoliator to remove the dead skin cells.
  • Use antibacterial, non comedogenic, and non acnegenic skin care and makeup products.
  • Use skin care products with retinol, salicylic acid, benzyl peroxide or AHAs.
  • Drink plenty of water to keep your skin and body hydrated and to remove the toxins from your skin.
  • Remember: there is a difference between a blackhead and a whitehead, blackheads are partly blocked pores and the fully blocked pores are called whiteheads.
  • Never forget to remove your makeup in the evening; otherwise this may clog the pores resulting in blackheads, whiteheads, pimples and rash appearance.
  • Never use harsh facial cleansers, soaps or lotions. .
  • Never use oil-based makeup products as they may contribute to the buildup of oil in the follicles.
  • Always wear a sunscreen or sunblock with SPF at least 30, even during the winter months to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays.
  • Avoid touching your face with dirty hands – you can transform bacteria and cause
  • Remember: the appearance of your skin is influenced mainly by your skin care routine inflammation.

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